Beliefs

Copts believe in the Holy Trinity; the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit; three hypostasise in one God. God has no beginning and no end; God is omnipresent in that he transcends all limitations of space and is present in the fulness of his being in every place. He is also all powerful (omnipotent) and all knowing (omniscient). Because of His love for humanity, He was incarnated and became man in the form of Jesus Christ. The Lord is perfect in His divinity, and He is perfect in His humanity. His divinity and His humanity are united in one nature called “the nature of the incarnated word of God”, which was reiterated by Saint Cyril of Alexandria. Copts, thus, believe in one nature, humanity and divinity united in one “without mingling, without confusion, and without alteration” (from the declaration of faith at the end of the Coptic Divine Liturgy).

Jesus Christ was without sin, this is why humanity could only be saved through Him. He was crucified and rose from the dead on the third day. Through His death, Jesus defeated death and opened the gates of paradise for all of humanity who accept Him and believe in Him.

Copts believe in the Second coming of Christ and eternal life.

Copts also believe in the Holy Spirit, also known as the Life-gving Lord, Spirit of Truth and Comforter. Through the Holy Spirit the seven sacraments are fulfilled. The first four sacraments are essential and will have been undertaken by all Copts within their life. The seven sacraments are:

  • Baptism

    Instituted by the Lord Jesus by His Baptism in the River Jordan and by His words to the Apostles saying ‘Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.’ (Matthew 28:19).
  • Confirmation

    ‘Now when the Apostles who were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the Word of God, they sent Peter and John to them, who, when they had come down, prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit. For as yet He had fallen upon none of them. They had only been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. Then they laid hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit’ (Acts 8:14-17). Also ‘But you have an anointing from the Holy One, and you know all things’ (1 John 2:20)
  • Confession

    Instituted by the Lord Jesus when He said to His disciples: ‘Assuredly I say to you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven’ (Matthew: 18:18)
  • Eucharist

    Instituted by the Lord Jesus in the upper room during the Last Supper when He took bread, blessed it and broke it, and gave it to His disciples saying, ‘take eat, this is My Body. Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He gave it to them, and they all drank from it and He said to them This is My Blood of the new covenant which is shed for many’ (Mark 14: 22-24)
  • Unction of the Sick

    Instituted by the Lord Jesus when He said to His disciples, ‘Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers’ (Matthew 10:8). Also, ‘Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.’ (James 5:14)
  • Matrimony

    Instituted by the Lord Jesus who blessed the Sacrament of Matrimony by attending the wedding of Cana of Galilee, where, He manifested His glory and His disciples believed in Him (John 2: 1-11).
  • Priesthood

    Instituted by the Lord Jesus when He chose His twelve disciples among many of His followers, and called them Apostles. The Lord said to them, ‘I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain’ (John 15:16)